Court of Appeals
On November 4, 2014, Nevada voters approved the creation of a Court of Appeals by allowing an amendment to Article 6 of the Nevada Constitution. This unique court hears roughly one-third of all cases submitted to the Nevada Supreme Court in a deflective model, where the Supreme Court assigns cases to a three-judge Court of Appeals. This is similar to systems used in other states, including Iowa, Idaho, and Mississippi.
Before the Court of Appeals, the Supreme Court heard all appeals, including everything from murder convictions to appeals of driver’s license revocations. For decades, the Supreme Court struggled to keep up with its caseload. This was demonstrated by the number of pending cases before the court, which prevented speedy resolution of appeals. The idea for the Court of Appeals was born out of the concern that “justice delayed is justice denied.” The truth of this old adage was painfully apparent when families had to wait for an appeal in a child custody case, or when decisions on proposed ballot initiatives were slowed by the backlog of cases. With the voter-approved Court of Appeals, parties waiting for their appeals to be heard now have their cases resolved more quickly.
Appellate courts resolve cases by published opinion and unpublished order. Opinions become part of the State of Nevada’s caselaw and can be cited and relied on by lower courts, attorneys and the public. Unpublished orders apply only to the parties involved in the appeal.
The Court of Appeals hears most matters that are not precedent-setting and take less time to prepare. This allows the Nevada Supreme Court to spend more time on the cases that merit published opinions and take more time to prepare.
Appeals are filed with the Office of the Supreme Court Clerk, and remain assigned to the Supreme Court until the Court makes assignments to the Court of Appeals. This deflective model allows the Supreme Court to speed up the appeals process by assigning cases to the Court of Appeals, while retaining those cases that raise questions of first impression or issues of important public policy. This model results in more published opinions establishing guidance on Nevada law, improved decisions in the District Courts, and improved access to the appellate process..
Approximately 700 cases each year are assigned to the three judges on the Court of Appeals. Most of the cases assigned to the Court of Appeals can be resolved by the Court of Appeals with no additional processing. The Supreme Court retains the sole discretion to accept petitions for review from the Court of Appeals to the Supreme Court, and such review will only be granted in extraordinary cases.
In sum, the Court of Appeals has improved access to justice in Nevada by providing for faster resolution of all cases. In addition, the Court of Appeals has allowed for an increase in the number of published opinions in all areas of Nevada law. These published opinions improve decisions made by the District Courts and provide clarity for Nevada’s citizens and businesses.